Pharmaceutical Engineering

Crystallization by shock cooling

Crystallization is the spontaneous arrangement of the particles into a repetitive orderly array,i.e., regular geometric pattern. Crystals are commonly obtained from liquid state.

Drying Rate Curve-Calcium Carbonate

Drying involves both heat and mass transfer operations. Heat must be transferred to the material to be dried in order to supply the latent heat required for vaporization of the moisture.

Centrifugal separation of suspension

Centrifugation is a unit operation employed for separating the constituent present in a dispersion with the aid of centrifugal force. Centrifugal force is used provided driving force